This study uses rich administrative data from Manitoba, Canada, to assess women's functioning during childhood (including pre-pregnancy academic performance), fertility behaviors during adolescence (live birth, abortion, pregnancy loss, or no history of pregnancy), and adult outcomes of high school completion and receipt of income assistance. This rich set of covariates allows calculating propensity score weights to help adjust for characteristics possibly predictive of adolescent pregnancy. The study also explore which risk factors are associated with the study outcomes.



  1. Wall-Wieler E, Lee JB, Nickel N, Roos LL. The multigenerational effects of adolescent motherhood on school readiness: a population-based retrospective cohort study. PLoS One. 2019;14(2):1–16.

  2. Maness SB, Buhi ER, Daley EM, Baldwin JA, Kromrey JD. Social determinants of health and adolescent pregnancy: an analysis from the national longitudinal study of adolescent to adult health. J Adolesc Health. 2016;58(6):636–643. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.02.006.

  3. Heaman MI, Martens PJ, Brownell MD, et al. Inequities in utilization of prenatal care: a population-based study in the Canadian province of Manitoba. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2018;18(1):430. doi: 10.1186/s12884-018-2061-1.


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