This systematic review summarises association between short interpregnancy intervals and adverse perinatal health outcomes in high-resource settings to inform recommendations for healthy birth spacing for the United States. In high-resource settings, there is some evidence showing interpregnancy intervals <6 months since last livebirth are associated with increased risks for preterm birth, small-for-gestational age and infant death; however, results were inconsistent. Additional research controlling for confounding would further inform recommendations for healthy birth spacing for the United States.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30353935?utm_source=MHTF+Subscribers&utm_campaign=c1992760ca-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_07_27_03_30_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_8ac9c53ad4-c1992760ca-183804741

References

  1. Conde‐Agudelo A, Rosas‐Bermudez A, Castano F, Norton MH. Effects of birth spacing on maternal, perinatal, infant, and child health: a systematic review of causal mechanismsStud Fam Plann2012;43:93‐114.

  2. Conde‐Agudelo A, Rosas‐Bermudez A, Kafury‐Goeta AC. Birth spacing and risk of adverse perinatal outcomes: a meta‐analysisJ Am Med Assoc2006;295:1809‐1823.

  3. World Health Organization. Report of a WHO Technical Consultation on Birth Spacing: Geneva, Switzerland, 13–15 June 2005. Department of Reproductive Health and Research (RHR). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2006

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