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Gender inequality weakens maternal health and harms children through many direct and indirect pathways. The global impact of Gender Inequality Index (GII) on the child mortality rates remains uncertain. The study authors have documented statistically significant positive associations between GII and child mortality rates. The authors suggest that initiatives to curtail child mortality rates should extend beyond medical interventions and should prioritize women’s rights and autonomy.
Sahni M, Verma N, Narula D, Varghese RM, Sreenivas V, Puliyel JM: Missing girls in India: infanticide, feticide and made-to-order pregnancies? Insights from hospital-based sex-ratio-at-birth over the last century. PLoS One 2008, 3:e2224.
Kaplan A, Hechavarria S, Martin M, Bonhoure I: Health consequences of female genital mutilation/cutting in the Gambia, evidence into action. Reprod Health 2011, 8:26.
Sen A: Missing women–revisited. Br Med J 2003, 327:1297-8.